Psychotherapy and Counseling
Specialized formal interaction between a social worker and client in which a therapeutic relationship is established to help resolve the symptoms of a mental disorder, psychosocial stress, relationship problems, and difficulties in coping in the social environment.
Guides an individual, couple, family, group, or community by giving advice, helping to articulate goals, defining alternatives, and providing needed info.
- To reduce symptoms.
- To improve personal and social functioning.
- To develop and strengthen coping skills.
- To promote behaviors that make a person’s life better.
Phases of Intervention
Occur in a specific sequence and each phase builds on the previous ones. May return to earlier phase to reformulate the problem or select new tasks.
- Intake and Engagement. Begin the relationship, identify and define the clients concern or problem, and determine the client’s eligibility for service.
- Data Collection and assessment. Gather info and study the problem or situation. Decide what needs to change, what can be changed and how it can be changed.
- Planning and Contracting. Formulate objectives, evaluate possible strategies, agree on a treatment plan, and determine who will do medicawhat and when it will be done.
- Intervention and Monitoring. Carry out treatment plan, monitor progress, and modify the treatment plan if it is not achieving the desired results. Sometimes called the action phase or change-oriented phase.
- Final Eval and Termination. Evaluate the clients overall progress and bring the relationship to an end. Provide feedback to agency.